arthritis causes

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Arthritis Causes, Symptoms and Risks

What are the causes and risks of arthritis?

  • Degenerative joint disease which is most often the result of aging.
  • It can also develop because of injury such as bones broken, intense physical activity as in athletics or a defect in the protein comprising the cartilage.
  • Osteoarthritis appears to have a genetic link; if both your parents have it, it could be that you will develop it, too.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an autoimmune disorder.
  • Or it may be caused by a viral infection that sets off the immune response in which the synovial membrane falls under attack.
  • There is some conjecture that physical and/or emotional stress may bring on the disorder.
  • Poor nutrition may also contribute to the onset of rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Infectious arthritis is when a virus or bacteria travels to the joint and attacks it.
  • It is much less common than the other two types of arthritis discussed above.
  • Infectious arthritis can be overlooked in treatment of the injury or illness that caused it. If left untreated, infectious arthritis can cause permanent damage.

What are the symptoms of arthritis?


  • Stiffness, deformity and pain. No swelling of the joints at first, though inflammation may occur later on. Joints may enlarge as well. A popping and clicking noise accompanies a grating feel as joints become less mobile.

  • Swelling, inflammation and stiffness, especially in the morning, in specific joints on both sides of the body. Joints enlarge.
  • In juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, fever off and on, anemia, loss of appetite and weight are indicators.

  • Fever, chills, body aches, pneumonia, confusion, dizziness, low blood pressure, shock, swelling, redness, pain and tenderness in joints.

References and Sources: Medline, Pubmed, National Institutes of Health.

last update: March 2010

This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use this material to diagnose or treat a health condition or disease without consulting with your healthcare provider.
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