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Fennel Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings

  • Fennel may cause an allergic reaction.
    - Clin Exp Allergy 1997 Nov;27(11):1299-306 -- Characterization of allergens in Apiaceae spices: anise, fennel, coriander and cumin. -- Jensen-Jarolim E, Leitner A, Hirschwehr R, Kraft D, Wuthrich B, Scheiner O, Graf J, Ebner C.

  • This case of occupational rhinitis and asthma in an atopic individual involves sensitivity to unique allergens in fennel.
    - Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1997 Jan;78(1):37-40 -- Occupational allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma due to fennel seed. -- Schwartz HJ, Jones RT, Rojas AR, Squillace DL, Yunginger JW.

  • Fennel appeared to act mainly as a diuretic and a natriuretic.
    - Clin Exp Hypertens 2001 May;23(4):329-43 -- Pharmacological evidence of hypotensive activity of Marrubium vulgare and Foeniculum vulgare in spontaneously hypertensive rat. -- El Bardai S, Lyoussi B, Wibo M, Morel N.

  • The results confirm the oestrogenic activity of the seed extract.
    - Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1985 Jan-Mar;29(1):21-6 -- Effect of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. seed extract on the genital organs of male and female rats. -- Malini T, Vanithakumari G, Megala N, Anusya S, Devi K, Elango V.

  • Fennel has been reputed to increase milk secretion, promote menstruation.
    - J Ethnopharmacol 1980 Dec;2(4):337-44 -- Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents. -- Albert-Puleo M.

last update: March 2014

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