Diets Don’t Work!

Don’t Work!

By Chad Tackett

Many Americans view a healthy lifestyle as something difficult
to attain–and something that’s not much fun. Traditional diets have taught
us that to lose weight, we must count calories, keep track of everything
we eat, and deprive ourselves by limiting the amount–and kinds–of foods
we eat. Diets tell us exactly what and how much food to eat, regardless of
our preferences and individual relationships with hunger and satiety. Dieting
can help us lose weight (fat, muscle, and water) in the short term but is
so unnatural and so unrealistic that it can never become a lifestyle that
we can live with, let alone enjoy!

While very few diets teach healthy low-fat shopping, cooking, and dining-out
strategies, many offer unrealistic recommendations and encourage
health-threatening restrictions. Even more important, diets don’t teach us
the safest, most effective ways to exercise; they don’t teach us how to deal
with our cravings and our desires, or how to attend to our feelings of hunger
and fullness. Eventually, we become tired of the complexity, the hunger,
the lack of flavor, the lack of flexibility, the lack of energy, and the
feeling of deprivation. We quit our diets and gain back the weight we’ve
lost; sometimes we gain even more!

Each time we go on another diet of deprivation, the weight becomes more difficult
to lose, and we become even more frustrated and discouraged. Then we eat
more and exercise less, causing ourselves more frustration, discouragement,
depression. Soon we are in a vicious cycle. We begin to ask ourselves, “Why
bother?” We begin to blame ourselves for having no will power when what we
really need is clear, scientifically-based information that will help us
develop a healthier lifestyle we can live with for the rest of our lives.

Deliberate restriction of food intake in order to lose weight or to prevent
weight gain, known as dieting, is the path that millions of people all over
the world are taking in order to reach a desired body weight or appearance.
Preoccupation with body shape, size, and weight creates an unhealthy lifestyle
of emotional and physical deprivation. Diets take control away from us.

Many of us who diet get caught in a “yo-yo” cycle that begins with low
self-acceptance and results in structured eating and living because we lack
trust in our body and are unwilling to listen and adhere to our body’s signals
of hunger and fullness. On diets, we distrust and ignore internal signs of
appetite, hunger, and our need to be physically and psychologically satisfied.
Instead, we depend on diet plans, measured portions, and a prescribed frequency
for eating.

As a result, many of us have lost the ability to eat in response to our physical
needs; we experience feelings of deprivation, then binge, and finally terminate
our “health” program. This in turn leads to guilt, defeat, weight gain, low
self-esteem, and then we’re back to the beginning of the yo-yo diet cycle.
Rather than making us feel better about ourselves, diets set us up for failure
and erode our self-esteem.

The attitudes and practices acquired through years of dieting are likely
to result in a body weight and size obsession, low self-esteem, poor nutrition
and excessive or inadequate exercise. Weight loss from following a rigid
diet is usually temporary. Most diets are too drastic to maintain; they are
unrealistic and unpleasant; they are physically and emotionally stressful.
And most of us just resume our old eating and activity patterns. Diets control
us; we are not in control. People who try to live by diet lists and rules
learn little or nothing about proper nutrition and how to enjoy their meals,
physical activity, and a healthy lifestyle. No one can realistically live
in the diet mode for the rest of their life, depriving themselves of the
true pleasures of healthy eating and activity.

We Don’t Fail Diets; They Fail Us!

Decades of research have shown that diets, both self-initiated and
professionally-led, are ineffective at producing long-term health and weight
loss (or weight control). When your diet fails to keep the weight off, you
may say to yourself, “If only I didn’t love food so much . . . If I could
just exercise more often . . . If I just had more will power.” The problem
is not personal weakness or lack of will power. Only 5 percent of people
who go on diets are successful. Please understand that we are not failing
diets; diets are failing us.

The reason 95 percent of all traditional diets fail is simple. When you go
on a low-calorie diet, your body thinks you are starving; it actually becomes
more efficient at storing fat by slowing down your metabolism. When you stop
this unrealistic eating plan, your metabolism is still slow and inefficient
that you gain the weight back even faster, even though you may still be eating
less than you were before you went on the diet.

In addition, low-calorie diets cause you to lose both muscle and fat in equal
amounts. However, when you eventually gain back the weight, it is all fat
and not muscle, causing your metabolism to slow down even more. Now you have
extra weight, a less healthy body composition, and a less attractive physique.

Diets require you to sacrifice by being hungry; they don’t allow you to enjoy
the foods you love. This does not teach you habits which you can maintain
after the diet is over. Most diet programs force you to lower your caloric
intake to dangerously low levels. The common theory is that if you eat fewer
calories than you burn, you will lose weight. But when you eat fewer calories
than your body needs to maintain its life-sustaining activities, you’re actually
losing muscle in addition to fat. Your body breaks down its own muscles to
provide the needed energy for survival.

Traditional diets which use calorie restriction to produce weight loss are
no longer appropriate. Most weight-loss programs measure success solely in
terms of the number of pounds lost per weight loss attempt. Diets don’t take
into account the quality of the process used to achieve that weight loss
or the very small likelihood of sustained weight loss. For long-term good
health, you need to move away from low-calorie diets and focus on enjoyable
physical activity and good nutrition. Exercising regularly and eating
lean-supporting calories, protein and carbohydrates, and reducing fat-supporting
calories will not only help you look and feel better, it will also significantly
reduce your risk of disease.

America spends billions of dollars on different ways to fix people. If we
focused more on prevention and on improving our day-to-day behaviors, we
could cut health care costs in half. Contrary to popular belief, leading
a healthy lifestyle doesn’t have to be difficult; it doesn’t have to painful
or time-consuming. Making gradual, simple changes in your diet and physical
activity will make great improvements in your health and well-being, and
they can drastically reduce your risk of disease.

If your weight management program is to be a success, everything you eat
and every exercise you do must be a pleasurable experience. If you’re not
enjoying yourself, it is unlikely that you’ll continue your program. It’s
that simple. These small, gradual changes are not painful or overwhelming
but rather the core of an exciting lifestyle that you will look forward to.

Take the frustration, guilt, and deprivation out of weight management, and
allow yourself to adopt gradual, realistic changes into your life that will
make healthy eating and physical activity a permanent pleasure. You will
soon discover what your body is capable of and begin to look, act, and feel
your very best. Good luck and enjoy all the wonderful benefits of a healthy,
active lifestyle.

– Bio: Chad Tackett has degrees in Exercise and Heath Science and
Nutrition, is a Certified Personal Trainer, and is a regular guest lecturer
to both professional and lay audiences on the principles of effective exercise
and good nutrition.

last update: May 2005

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